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Chile

Chile

Core analysis conducted in 2020. 

Overall NDC Equity Score

Insufficient

+

Emissions Reductions

Insufficient

The NDC’s emissions reduction goal lacks ambition, however, the country provides pathways to lower emissions.

+

Gender Justice

Aspiring

The NDC meets basic expectations in gender equality, but is still lacks clear commitments to long-term inclusion and gender disaggregated data.

+

Youth Inclusion

Critically Deficient

The NDC has significant gaps in addressing youth inclusion, potentially not addressing young people at all.

Summary

As the COP25 Presidency, Chile has a huge responsibility to lead by example. Chile has one of the few NDCs that is compatible with the 1.5 degree Paris Agreement Goal and complemented by a Long-Term implementation strategy. The NDC commits to carbon neutrality by 2050, peaking emissions by 2025, reducing black carbon by 25% by 2030, and a GHG emission budget not exceeding 1,100 MtCO2eq between 2020 and 2030. The NDC makes strong commitments to cross-cutting climate justice and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and a Just Transition.

 

On gender mainstreaming, the NDC uses “gender equality and equity” as one of eight key criteria for ensuring the fair allocation of costs, benefits, and resources associated with the design, implementation, and monitoring of each NDC commitment. For example, by 2025, Chile committed to assessing “climate change risk to vulnerable groups nation-wide, with a special focus on indigenous peoples, poverty and gender”. Other commitments include indicating the role of closing gender gaps in the land-use sector and “incorporating a gender approach in all policies, programs, climate change plans and actions” in the future. Though it makes important gender mainstreaming commitments, the NDC lacks specificity in action, information on how or if women helped shape the NDC, and gender disaggregated data to support its commitments.

 

On youth inclusion, the NDC lacks any mention of young peoples active role as change-makers or vulnerability to the climate crisis. The NDC would benefit from including youth as a cross-cutting criteria similar to gender.

Highlights

  • The enhanced NDC has only unconditional objectives, which increases its ambition compared to previous NDCs.
  • Commitments to reforestation and protection of oceans and wetlands.
  • Indicates the importance of the nexus between achieving a circular economy, the Sustainable Development Goals, and climate justice
  • Commitments to continued consultation on gender and civil society.
  • Prioritizes a just transition to reduce harm to marginalized communities.

Lowlights

  • Only commits to a slow closure and gradual closure of coal plants from 2020 to 2040.
  • Lacks standard civil society consultation practices.
  • Omits young people as key stakeholders in the climate crisis.
  • Fails to include gender disaggregated data or specificity in commitments.

Key Recommendations

This analysis found that there is no emphasis on the importance of youth in Chile’s NDC. There are a few references to gender and clear intentions to increase gender equity within future climate planning efforts; however, it specific gender impacts and metrics are not defined.

Without robust inclusion mechanisms and efforts to strengthen gender and intergenerational justice, Chile risks overlooking critical elements and actions needed to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals from the perspective of the most vulnerable. The following are key recommendations for the improvement of future NDCs and other national climate plans:


For Gender M

  • Improve consultations with civil society
  • Prioritize consultations with indigenous people on native forests

Other recommendations

  • Fasten the pace of clean energy deployment
  • Include the green recovery plan to the NDC

Author

Alvaro Alfaro Morales

NDC Ambassador Alvaro Alfaro Morales (he/him) is from Casablanca, Chile, one of many great wine regions in the Central region of Chile, among the foothills of the Andes Mountains. He graduated from Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso in 2017 with a dual degree & license in Religion and Education. He studied abroad in the US at the University of Rhode Island. Years earlier, he graduated as an Agronomy Technician, giving him a wide range of experience in the classroom and out in the fields. Alvaro has served as an event planner, secretary & project manager for a number of different non-profits including the Renovacion Carismatica Youth Ministry of the Catholic Church of Chile and the COY15 working group.

He serves Care About Climate as Curriculum Director for ClimAcademy. Alvaro is trilingual, speaking Spanish, English & Portuguese, and has translated at international events including the World Youth Day in Rio de Janeiro in 2013. In his free time, Alvaro tends to his vegetable garden which includes 4 avocado trees, a vermiculture compost bin and is entirely constructed of recycled materials!

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