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Haiti

Ayiti

Core analysis in October 2022.

Overall NDC Equity Score

Average

+

Emissions Reductions

Average

The NDC meets basic expectations in emissions reductions, but is still not ambitious enough.

+

Gender Justice

Aspiring

The NDC includes gender as a cross-cutting principle, including clear commitments to strengthen gender mainstreaming in data, inclusion, and representativeness.

+

Youth Inclusion

Critically Deficient

The NDC has significant gaps in addressing youth inclusion.

Summary

The percentage of greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) of the Republic of Haiti compared to the total global emissions is 0.02%. Despite its low contributions, Haiti aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 32%, primarily through innovations in climate-friendly agriculture, if provided support from industrialized nations. However, as a climate vulnerable island, Haiti will find it difficult to implement its adaptation priorities outlined in its NDC without financial support.

 

On youth inclusion, 54% of people in Haiti are under the age of 25. However, the NDC does not emphasize the responsibility and empowerment of young people in their communities, nor include them specifically in consultations, which is important and essential to bring about great change in an effective way.

 

On gender mainstreaming, a special effort was made to include women and girls in consultation workshops on the identification of adaptation and mitigation measures. Additionally, Haiti conducted a critical analysis of the integration of gender in climate change policy documents to inform the updated NDC. Core goals for gender justice include 1) promoting initiatives that meet the specific needs of girls and women and 2) strengthening girls’ and women’s access to relevant information on climate change, including climate technologies. Additionally, the NDC makes a clear commitment to establish and Gender and Climate Working Group, select a Gender Focal Point, generate and disclose gender-specific data, and more! Though the NDC promotes meeting the needs of girls and women, it does not acknowledge the gender gap in decision-making spaces and could benefit from providing actions centered around making it easier for women to hold decision-making power.

Highlights

  • Compared to historic emissions, Haiti has an ambitious emissions reduction goal distributed in the areas of waste, electricity, services, agriculture, forestry and land use.
  • Indicated the need to increase access to climate-related information and access to technology for women.
  • Commits to generating and disclosing gender-specific data.
  • Included women and girls in consultations for NDC development and acknowledges their vulnerability to climate change.
  • Commits to appointing a Gender and Climate Focal Point and supporting the integration of gender in national development and financial planning process.

Lowlights

  • Lacks significant metrics and actions to improve gender in climate action.
  • Does not include young people in consultations, acknowledge their vulnerability, or identify their role in achieving climate targets.

Key Recommendations

Haiti could learn from its engagement and empowerment of women to increase meaningful inclusion of youth in its next NDC. In addition, the NDC would benefit from increasing and identifying partnerships with grassroots community organizations to facilitate effective reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation efforts. Actions to educate, empower, and engage young people in climate action must be encouraged through targeted outreach and capacity building efforts of the government.

Further, Haiti’s next NDC must follow through on its gender justice commitments, clearly identifying consultative mechanisms, metrics for increasing gender equality, and providing gender disaggregated data. The following are key recommendations for the improvement of future NDCs and other national climate plans:


For Gender Mainstreaming

  • Promote initiatives that meet the specific needs of girls and women, especially those in situations of great vulnerability.
  • Strengthen girls' and women's access to relevant information on climate change, including climate technologies.
  • Implement training and awareness-raising activities on the importance and role of all community members in environmental protection.
  • Highlight progress and data on gender and climate action efforts promised in its prior NDC.

For Youth Inclusion

  • Consult young people in the next NDC and acknowledge their vulnerability to the climate crisis.
  • Create specific indicators for long-term youth responsive climate action.
  • Set up a program of young climate ambassadors to facilitate cross-country exchanges and knowledge sharing.
  • Make funding accessible to young people for the protection of the environment.

NDC Ambassador - Author

Adelin Pierre

Climate activist from the Caribbean region, Mr. Adelin Pierre holds a bachelor’s degree in Environment and Territorial. His commitment in environmental field in Haiti started after the biggest hurricane in 2010, which affected the young people in his community. Since then, he has been a part of several youth organisations, intended to strengthen the capacity of his peers to raise their voices at high level political forums. Currently, he is the Co-coordinator of Haitian Youth Biodiversity Network (HYBN) and he is serving as a Disaster Risk Reduction Regional Focal Point for Americas & Caribbean at United Nations Major Group for Children and Youth where support young people to come up new solutions, elaborate youth position paper and also share knowledge.

At national level, he co-organized the local conference of youth on climate change where more 500 young people, students and entrepreneurs share their knowledge, develop a youth policy and come up innovative solutions.

NDC Ambassador - Author

Jhonnly Jn-Baptiste

Jhonnly Jn-Baptiste is passionate about the environment and natural resource management. He studied Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resource Management. Additionally, he has worked with several local and international organizations in areas related to Biodiversity Protection, Clean Water and Sanitation, Environmental Protection, Energy, Climate Change. He is the Co-coordinator of Haitian Youth Biodiversity Network (HYBN) and has organized several activities like Eco-jogging, Race for Oceans, Local Youth Environment Assembly (LYEA) to help young people understand the effects of climate change and the actions they need to take to mitigate this problem.

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Embracing Climate Equity to Shape an Equitable and Sustainable World

“2024 must be a year of ambitious emissions reduction and support for people facing the worsening effects of climate change. We need youth-led programs that grow understanding and accountability to build a livable future.”